Getting started

Querying with OData

When you use the ProjectManager v4 API, you can search for your information using the query language OData. All data types within ProjectManager can be retrieved using OData queries.

So let’s break this down - what is an OData query? It is a type of query that allows you to:

  • Filter records based on criteria you specify in the $filter parameter.
  • Paginate your results using $top and $skip.
  • Sort your query results using $orderby.
  • Fetch additional data using $expand.
  • Reduce unwanted data using $select.

Let’s walk through the basics for an OData query.

Filtering records using OData

Whenever you want to find a specific record in the ProjectManager system, you can use an OData filter statement to search. Microsoft provides a nice tutorial page on learning OData filter expressions which goes into more detail, but let’s summarize it here.

  • Search for projects with a specific where a field value matches using an $filter={field-name} eq {value} statement, like $filter=shortCode eq MyNewProject
  • Search for tasks more recent than a specific time using an $filter={field-name} gt {date} statement, like $filter=createDate gt 2023-03-01
  • Search for a resource with a comment in its “notes” field using an $filter=substringof({field-name}, '{substring}') statement, like $filter=substringof(notes, 'test').

Comparators and Functions within OData filtering

Equals{field} eq {value}
Greater Than{field} gt {value}
Greater Than Or Equal{field} ge {value}
Less Than{field} lt {value}
Less Than Or Equal{field} le {value}
Not Equal{field} ne {value}
Containssubstringof({field}, {value})
Starts Withstartswith({field}, {value})
Ends Withendswith({field}, {value})

Filtering tips

When specifying values in your query, keep in mind these things:

  • Numeric values are presented as-is, for example count eq 7
  • String values are enclosed in single quotes, for example name eq 'Bob Smith'
  • Date values are always written in ISO-8601 format, also known as YYYY-MM-DD. For example, createDate gt 2023-01-01

Pagination using OData

The standard for OData pagination uses the concept of top and skip. Here’s how it works.

  1. The server begins to produce a list of all records matching your filterstatementintheorderspecifiedbythefilter statement in the order specified by the orderby parameter.

  2. The server will omit the number of records specified by the $skip parameter, if it is present.

  3. If there are still more records remaining after the skipparameterhasbeenexhausted,theserverwillbegindeliveringrecordsupuntiltheskip parameter has been exhausted, the server will begin delivering records up until the top value is reached.

This allows you to paginate records easily. If you want to retrieve the top 50 records in a table, you specify $top=50. To retrieve the second page of results, specify $skip=50 and $top=50.

Expanding data

Some OData query endpoints allow you to fetch additional data using the $expand parameter. The documentation for the API will explain what options are available and how to use them on each endpoint.